Energy security and biodiesel : implications for land use and food security / Robin Singhal, Ramprasad Sengupta

India, like other net oil-importing developing countries, faces energy insecurity centred on the uncertainty surrounding the price of oil and its supply. It has been exploring the feasibility of developing biofuels that can replace petroleum products in the transport sector. But the use of biotic resources may involve changes in the land use pattern if they are to be derived from plantation or agrarian products. Since such a change could threaten the security of food and other agrarian supplies, this paper focuses on biodiesel production from jatropha oilseeds, assessing the profitability and competitiveness of energy cultivation and the chances of it replacing food or cash crop cultivation. [Abstract]